Pre-dispersal predators of Carduus crispus

Insect family Insect genus insect subgenus (group) Insect species Region Source Stage
Curculionidae Larinus Phyllonomeus carlinae (Olivier, 1807) Germany (southwest) Breeding Larva
          citation from Hoffmann (1954) Adult
        France (east) Breeding Larva
Tephritidae Chaetostomella   cylindrica (Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830) Switzerland Breeding - Switzerland  
  Tephritis   hyoscyami (Linneaus, 1758) Switzerland Breeding - Switzerland  
  Terellia Terellia - serratulae winthemi (Meigen 1826) Switzerland Breeding - Switzerland  
  Urophora Urophora solsititialis (Linneaus, 1758) Austria Breeding - not Switzerland  
  Xyphosia Xyphosia miliaria (Schrank, 1781)   Citation for foreign breed  

Dr. Jiri Skuhrovec
Function of Invertebrate and Plant Biodiversity in Agrosystems
Crop Research Institute
Drnovska 507
161 06 Praha 6 - Ruzyne