Pre-dispersal predators of Carduus nutans

Insect family Insect genus insect subgenus (group) Insect species Region Source Stage
Curculionidae Larinus Larinus ursus (Fabricius, 1792) Italy (central) Breeding Adult
      cynarae (Fabricius, 1787) Italy (central) Breeding Adult
    Larinomesius scolymi (Olivier, 1807) Italy citation from Hoffmann (1954) Adult
    Phyllonomeus turbinatus Gyllenhal, 1835 France citation from Hoffmann (1954) Larva
        France Breeding Adult
        Switzerland Breeding Adult
        Austria Breeding Adult
      iaceae (Fabricius, 1775) France (central) Breeding Larva
        France (west) Breeding Larva
        Schwitzerland (west) Breeding Larva
        Austria (east) Breeding Larva
        Italy (central) Breeding Larva
        Italy (south) Breeding Larva
        Yugoslavia Breeding Larva
        France (central) Breeding Adult
        France (west) Breeding Adult
        Schwitzerland (west) Breeding Adult
        Austria (east) Breeding Adult
        Italy (central) Breeding Adult
        Italy (south) Breeding Adult
        Yugoslavia Breeding Adult
        France citation from Hoffmann (1954) Adult
      sturnus (Schaller, 1783) France (west) Breeding Larva
        France (east) Breeding Larva
        Germany (south) Breeding Larva
        Italy (Central) Breeding Larva
          citation from Hoffmann (1954) Larva
        France (west) Breeding Adult
        France (east) Breeding Adult
        Germany (south) Breeding Adult
        Italy (Central) Breeding Adult
          citation from Hoffmann (1954) Adult
      carlinae (Olivier, 1807) France Breeding Adult
        Germany (south) Breeding Adult
Tephritidae Chaetostomella   cylindrica (Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830)   Citation for foreign breed  
  Tephritis   hendeliana Hering, 1944 Switzerland Breeding - Switzerland  
  Terellia Terellia - serratulae serratulae (Linneaus, 1758) Switzerland Breeding - Switzerland  
  Urophora Urophora solsititialis (Linneaus, 1758) Switzerland Breeding - Switzerland  
      stylata (Fabricius, 1775) France Citation for foreign breed - ?  
  Xyphosia Xyphosia miliaria (Schrank, 1781) Switzerland Breeding - Switzerland  



Dr. Jiri Skuhrovec
Function of Invertebrate and Plant Biodiversity in Agrosystems
Crop Research Institute
Drnovska 507
161 06 Praha 6 - Ruzyne
CZECH REPUBLIC
e-mail: jirislavskuhrovec@gmail.com