Pre-dispersal predators of Cirsium arvense

Insect family Insect genus Insect subgenus (group) Insect species Region Source Stage
Curculionidae Larinus Phyllonomeus carlinae (Olivier, 1807) France Breeding Larva
        Schwitzerland Breeding Larva
        Germany Breeding Larva
        Austria Breeding Larva
          citation from Hoffmann (1954) Larva
        France Breeding Adult
        Schwitzerland Breeding Adult
        Germany Breeding Adult
        Austria Breeding Adult
      sturnus (Schaller, 1783) France (east) Breeding Larva
        Germany (southwest) Breeding Larva
      turbinatus Gyllenhal, 1835 France Breeding Larva
        Germany Breeding Larva
        Switzerland Breeding Larva
        Austria Breeding Larva
        Italy Breeding Larva
        Yugoslavia Breeding Larva
          citation from Hoffmann (1954) Larva
        France Breeding Adult
        Germany Breeding Adult
        Switzerland Breeding Adult
        Austria Breeding Adult
        Italy Breeding Adult
        Yugoslavia Breeding Adult
          citation from Hoffmann (1954) Adult
Tephritidae Acanthiophilus   helianthi (Rossi, 1790)   Citation for foreign breed  
  Chaetostomella   cylindrica (Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830) Switzerland Breeding - Switzerland  
  Tephritis   cometa (Loew, 1840) Switzerland Breeding - Switzerland  
  Terellia Terellia - serratulae ruficauda (Fabricius, 1794)   Citation for foreign breed  
        Switzerland Breeding - Switzerland  
      serratulae (Linneaus, 1758) Italy Breeding - not Switzerland  
    Cerajocera tussilaginis (Fabricius, 1775)   Citation for foreign breed  
  Urophora Urophora cardui (Linnaeus, 1758) Switzerland Breeding - Switzerland  
      stylata (Fabricius, 1775) Austria Breeding - not Switzerland  
  Xyphosia Xyphosia miliaria (Schrank, 1781) Switzerland Breeding - Switzerland  



Dr. Jiri Skuhrovec
Function of Invertebrate and Plant Biodiversity in Agrosystems
Crop Research Institute
Drnovska 507
161 06 Praha 6 - Ruzyne
CZECH REPUBLIC
e-mail: jirislavskuhrovec@gmail.com